Individualized Education Program: IEP
As mandated by the U.S. Department of Education, all students are guaranteed a, “Free and appropriate public education.” Children with learning, health, or mental disabilities must be offered special accommodations and services from the public school system. Services may include an Individualized Education Program (IEP), which outlines goals and services for the school year. Accommodations may include extra time to take tests, a note taker, support through a speech or resource teacher, adapted PE, and more.
Attachment and Reactive Attachment Disorder:RAD
Reactive Attachment Disorder is a rare but serious condition in which young children do not create healthy bonds with a parent or caregiver. Normally the disorder stems from neglect, abuse or orphaned children. When affection and nurturing are not present, caring attachments with others are not established. This can permanently change the child’s growing brain. Reactive Attachment Disorder is a lifelong condition, but with treatment children can develop more stable relationships with others.
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: ADHD
Central Auditory Processing Disorder: CAPD or APD
An Auditory Processing Disorder means that something is adversely affecting the processing of information. Children do not recognize subtle differences between sound and words. An example is, “How is a cow and a crow alike?” This may be understood as, “How is a couch and a row alike?” This happens more often when a person with APD is in a noisy environment, or complicated information is being given.
Down Syndrome: DS (also called Trisomy 21)
Learning Disabilities: LD
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder: OCD
Phonological processing is to be able to remember, separate, blend, and manipulate speech sound. Phonological Processing difficulties include retrieving and using phonology codes in memory, storing information, and deficits in phonological awareness.